Infertility Management

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Infertility Management

Infertility is no longer a private problem that it was a few decades ago. One in every 6 couples in urban India and a total of around 30 million population in India suffer from infertility and the numbers are quickly rising.
Fortunately, with advances in fertility research almost every infertility problem today can be easily solved and couples can now enjoy their parenthood with the right help from a fertility specialist.

Infertility – Symptoms, Causes & Management:

The inability of a woman to conceive a child after one year of persisted coitus by the couple is called as infertility. Though it is easy always the women who had to bear the brunt, both men and women can equally responsible for infertility problems. Among hundreds of cases treated by Gynaecologist Dr. Ashok Kumar Rai we have noticed that while 35% of the infertility cases are due to male infertility, 30% of the cases are due to female infertility problems and 20% due to both male and female infertility problems.

As said inability to conceive after at least a year of consistent copulation is a major symptom of infertility. In addition to this, irregular menstrual cycles in women and loss of sexual function sometimes manifest but are not limited to infertility.
Infertility should be investigated early to avoid its irreversibility as ageing of the female partner drastically reduces the probabilities of pregnancy. Also certain conditions like tuberculosis or endometriosis keep on advancing if not treated early.

A general process of infertility management and treatment by Dr. Ashok Kumar Rai go around:

  • Investigation of the causes in both the partners
  • Laparoscopy to diagnose the causes in the female partner
  • Treatment of infertility with medications
  • Microsurgery of fallopian tubes when involved
  • Ovulation induction
  • Intra Uterine Insemination
  • With advancements in infertility treatment and management, the whole diagnostic and treatment procedure has changed its course and today we are in completely equipped with all the necessary procedure to help a woman conceive. Read on to now the causes and treatment options:

    Causes of Infertility:

    Age, excessive smoking, or use of alcohol, overweight/obesity, exposure to chemicals, and toxin are some of the risk factors that can cause male infertility. And this can manifest in the form of a decline in healthy sperm production and other sperm parameters like fall in sperm count, shape, and movement of the sperm; thus, reducing the chances’ of healthy conception.

    In addition to the above risk factors, medical conditions like hormonal imbalance, retrograde ejaculation, and varicocele can also cause infertility problems in men. And As for women the lifestyle factors mentioned above and other medical conditions like endometriosis, uterine fibroids, pelvic inflammatory disease, PCOD can interfere with the biological process like ovulation, fertilization, and implantation to cause female fertility problems.

    Infertility Treatment & Management:

    After being diagnosed with infertility by a gynaecologist or an infertility specialist, the infertility treatment schedule must start as soon as possible to ward off further delay. And the type of infertility treatment suggested by the infertility specialist depends upon a variety of factors such as identified causes of fertility, the overall health of the couple, ages, medical conditions, and personal preferences of the couple.

    While medications can solve hormonal imbalances, erectile dysfunctions, or conditions that affect sperm parameters, surgery is recommended for medical conditions like varicocele for male infertility.